Friday, August 14, 2009


IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations
-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
Cornell University
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor
---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016
-------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Press Release No. 09/283
August 13, 2009
IMF Governors Formally Approve US$250 Billion General SDR Allocation

The Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has approved on August 7, 2009 a general allocation of <> Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) equivalent to US$250 billion to provide liquidity to the global economic system by supplementing Fund's member countries' foreign exchange reserves.

The IMF Executive Board backed the general allocation on July 17, 2009 (<> see Press Release No 09/264), following the commitment made by G20 leaders at their April summit to boost global liquidity and welcomed by the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC).

The equivalent of nearly US$100 billion of the general allocation will go to emerging markets and developing countries, of which low-income countries will receive over US$18 billion.

The general SDR allocation will be made on August 28, 2009 to IMF members that are participants in the <> Special Drawing Rights Department (currently all 186 members) in proportion to their existing quotas in the Fund, which are based broadly on their relative size in the global economy. The allocation will provide each participating country with SDRs in amounts equivalent to approximately 74 percent of its quota, and could increase Fund members' total allocations to an amount equivalent to about US$283 billion, from about US$33 billion (SDR 21.4 billion).

Separately, the <> Fourth Amendment to the IMF Articles of Agreement providing for a special one-time allocation of SDRs has now entered into force. The special allocation will be made to IMF members on September 9, 2009, 30 days after the effective date of the Fourth Amendment, and will raise the ratios of members' cumulative SDR allocations to quota using a common benchmark ratio as described in the Amendment. The total of SDRs created under the special allocation would amount to SDR 21.5 billion (about US$33 billion).

The special allocation will make the allocation of SDRs more equitable and correct for the fact that countries that joined the Fund after 1981­more than one fifth of the current IMF membership­had never received an SDR allocation. The Fourth Amendment, which was proposed in September 1997, required approval by three fifths of the IMF membership with 85 percent of the total voting power. This threshold has been reached following the recent approval by the United States.

Members' holdings of newly allocated SDRs, will count, as of the date of each of the general and special allocations, toward their reserve assets. Some members may choose to sell part or all of their allocations to other members in exchange for hard currency­for example, to meet balance of payments needs­while other members may choose to buy more SDRs as a means of reallocating their reserves.

The special and general allocations will bring Fund members' cumulative total of SDR allocation to SDR 204 billion (about US$316 billion).

The general SDR allocation is a key example of a cooperative multilateral response to the global crisis, offering significant support to the Fund's members in this challenging period.

This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

Stuart Basefsky                   
Director, IWS News Bureau                
Institute for Workplace Studies 
Cornell/ILR School                        
16 E. 34th Street, 4th Floor             
New York, NY 10016                        
Telephone: (607) 255-2703                
Fax: (607) 255-9641                       

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