Friday, April 02, 2010


IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
Cornell University
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor----------------------
Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau


Charting International Labor Comparisons (2010 edition) [2 April 2010]


[fuul-text, 63 pages]


This chartbook is presented on the BLS website in Adobe PDF format. The charts and the text for each section are available below in individual PDF files and the chartbook is also available in a single PDF (2.3 MB).


            Charting International Labor Comparisons (2010 edition)      


    * Preface


Section 1. Gross domestic product (GDP) (PDF)


    * 1.1 - Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, 2008 (PDF)

    * 1.2 - Average annual growth rates for real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 1.3 - Gross domestic product (GDP) per employed person, 2008 (PDF)

    * 1.4 - Trade in goods as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP), 2008 (PDF)


Section 2. Labor market (PDF)


    * 2.1 - Size of the labor force, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.2 - Average annual growth rates for the labor force, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 2.3 - Labor force participation rates by sex, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.4 - Labor force participation rates for two categories of youths, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.5 - Labor force participation rates for two categories of older workers, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.6 - Employment as a percent of the working-age population, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.7 - Average annual growth rates for employment, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 2.8 - Average annual growth rates for full-time and part-time employment, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 2.9 - Annual hours worked per employed person, 1998 and 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.10 - Unemployment rates, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.11 - Unemployment rates for youths and adults, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.12 - Unemployment rates for two categories of youths, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.13 - Persons unemployed one year or longer as a percent of total unemployment, 2008 (PDF)

    * 2.14 - Ratios of unemployment rates of adults without high school degrees to those for adults with college or university degrees, 2007 (PDF)

    * 2.15 - Educational attainment of the adult population, 2007 (PDF)


Section 3. Competitiveness in manufacturing (PDF)


    * 3.1 - Hourly compensation costs, 2007 (PDF)

    * 3.2 - Average annual growth rates for hourly compensation costs, 1997-2007 (PDF)

    * 3.3 - Employer social insurance expenditures and other labor taxes as a percent of hourly compensation costs, 2007 (PDF)

    * 3.4 - Average annual growth rates for manufacturing productivity, output, and hours worked, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 3.5 - Average annual growth rates for manufacturing unit labor costs in U.S. dollars, 1998-2008 (PDF)

    * 3.6 - Manufacturing output as a percent of world manufacturing output, 2008 (PDF)


Section 4. Prices (PDF)


    * 4.1 - Average annual growth rates for Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices (HICPs) and national Consumer Price Indexes (CPIs), 2003-2008 (PDF)

    * 4.2 - Average annual growth rates for Harmonized Indexes of Consumer Prices (HICPs), 2003-2008 and 2007-2008 (PDF)

    * 4.3 - U.S. Import Price Indexes by country of origin, 2005-2008 (PDF)


Section 5. Indicators for large emerging economies (PDF)


    * 5.1 - Share of world population, 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.2 - Age composition of the population, 2007 (PDF)

    * 5.3 - Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.4 - Gross domestic product (GDP) per employed person, 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.5 - Trade in goods as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP), 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.6 - Labor force participation rates by age, 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.7 - Employment as a percent of the working-age population by sex, 2008 (PDF)

    * 5.8 - Industry output as a percent of world industry output, 2008 (PDF)


Appendix. Definitions, sources, and methods (PDF)





With increasing integration of global markets, international labor statistics assume a fundamental role in assessing the relative performance of individual economies and informing both national and international policy decisions. However, direct comparisons of statistics across countries can be misleading because concepts and definitions often differ. To improve the comparability of international labor statistics, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program adjusts data to a common conceptual framework.


Charting International Labor Comparisons features data for the most recent year available, as well as trends over time, for the main indicators measured by ILC: gross domestic product (GDP), hourly compensation, labor force, prices, and productivity. To increase country and indicator coverage, data from other organizations also are included.


Through non-technical language and visual representations of data, this chartbook aims to:


    * Increase knowledge of major economic indicators and their significance

    * Present comparable data to illustrate the relative position and performance of covered countries

    * Examine current and recent economic trends for highly industrialized countries

    * Highlight the increasing importance and performance of major emerging economies

    * Provide users with sources of comparable international data and, when applicable, caveats concerning comparability


Charts in sections 1 through 4 include economies in North America, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. The selected economies are not representative of all of Europe and the Asian-Pacific region; rather, they tend to be the more industrialized economies in these regions. Weighted aggregates for 15 European Union countries (EU-15) also are shown on many of the charts in these sections and represent the European Union member countries prior to May 1, 2004: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Charts in section 5 cover the United States, which serves as a point of reference, and six large emerging economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and South Africa. The appendix describes definitions, sources, and methods used to compile the data, as well as some caveats concerning comparability.


This chartbook contains several major improvements over the previous edition. Foremost, all charts now provide descriptions of indicator definitions and usage to facilitate greater understanding of the data. This edition also includes new indicators of hourly compensation costs in national currencies and GDP per employed person for industrialized economies, along with a new section on consumer and U.S. import prices; furthermore, hourly compensation costs now cover all employees, rather than only production workers. Lastly, country coverage for GDP, productivity, and unit labor costs charts was expanded to include Singapore, which previously was included only on the hourly compensation charts.


The following ILC team, led by Jennifer Raynor, prepared this chartbook: Marshall Carter, Rich Esposito, Christopher Morris, Andrew Petajan, Amy Seale, Jessica Sincavage, Marie-Claire Sodergren, and Chris Sparks. David Mead and Matthias Bennett of the International Price Program and Mubarka Haq of ILC worked with the team to prepare the prices indicators. Constance Sorrentino, Division Chief of ILC, provided overall guidance. Material was edited by Monica R. Gabor of the Office of Publications and Special Studies.


This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

Stuart Basefsky                   
Director, IWS News Bureau                
Institute for Workplace Studies 
Cornell/ILR School                        
16 E. 34th Street, 4th Floor             
New York, NY 10016                        
Telephone: (607) 255-2703                
Fax: (607) 255-9641                       



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