Friday, May 14, 2010


IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
Cornell University
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor----------------------
Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau









(61st 2004–05 Round of N.S.S.)


[full-text, 218 pages]





3.1 The present report on ‘Wages and Earnings of Rural Labour Households (2004-05) is the second among all the five reports to be published by Labour Bureau. The gist of the findings of this report are summarised below.


3.2 The 2004-05 survey revealed a decline in the average household size of all classes of Rural Labour Households over the previous survey by 2.36 percent (4.56 from 4.67) at All-India level. The earning strength also declined from 1.98 to 1.96 during the period. In case of Scheduled Castes Labour Households a decrease in household size was registered 0.43 percent (4.66 to 4.64) and in earning strength by 1.52 percent (1.98 to 1.95). The household size of Other Backward Classes households showed a decrease of 2.39 percent (4.61 to 4.50) and in earning strength by 0.51 percent (1.97 to 1.96). However, the highest fall in household size by 4.65 percent 4.73 to 4.51) among all the section of the social setup was noticed among Scheduled Tribes Households.

(Statements 2.1(a)(i) – 2.1(a)(iv).


3.3 The similar details in respect of agricultural labour households, which is the main segment of rural labour households, revealed 3.23 percent fall in household size (4.65 to 4.50) with the corresponding decrease by 0.49 percent in earning strength (2.04 to 2.03) of all classes of households. Scheduled Tribes households registered the highest decrease of 5.16 percent (4.65 to 4.41) with 2.60 percent fall in earning strength. The scheduled castes households reported the downward movement in household size by 1.51 percent (4.64 to 4.57) while the earning strength remained constant. The household size of Other Backward Classes decreased by 3.47 percent (4.61 to 4.45) alongwith 0.98 percent (2.05 to 2.03) decrease in earning strength was also observed.

(Statements 2.1(b)(i) – 2.1(b)(iv).


3.4 The average number of wage earners per rural labour household during 2004-05 was 1.73 persons of all classes of Rural Labour Households at All-India level. This has decreased by 0.57 percent over 1999-2000 survey. In case of Scheduled Castes Households the wage earners decreased over the previous survey by 1.67 percent (i.e. 1.80 to 1.77). Among all the four sections of the society the highest decrease of wage

earners per rural labour households was 3.98 percent in Scheduled Tribe Households over 1999-2000 (i.e.2.01 to 1.43), whereas it decreased by 1.16 percent in respect of Other Backward Classes households(1.73 to 1.71).

(Statement s 2.2(a)(i) – 2.2(a)(iv).


3.5 The survey results revealed that the average daily earnings of Men, Women and child workers in Rural Labour Households were higher than those of Agricultural Labour Households both in agricultural and non-agricultural operations. These are set out in the table given below :-


[TABLE on Average Daily Earnings of Workers--Agricultural Operations--Non-Agricultural Operations]


3.6 In agricultural operations the average daily earnings of Men, Women and child workers of Rural Labour Households registered an increase of 18.46 percent, 18.20 percent and 23.07 percent during 2004-2005 over 1999-2000 at All-India level. However, during this period in non-agricultural operations the decrease of 24.12 percent in daily earnings of women workers was observed.

(Statement s 3.1(a)(i) – 3.2(a)(iv).


3.7 Among the main agricultural operations ploughing was observed to be the most remunerative operation for men, transplanting for women and child workers of all classes of rural labour households with the daily average earnings of Rs.52.58, Rs.36.97 and Rs.39.60 respectively during the survey period 2004-05 at all-India level. The second highest average earning at Rs.50.71 in transplanting operation in case of Men workers, at Rs.35.91 in ploughing operation in case of women workers and at Rs.38.01 in sowing operation for child workers. The daily earnings were reported both in cash and kind. However, the major part of the daily earnings was in cash.

(Statement s 4.1(a) (i) M, (i)W & (i)C


This information is provided to subscribers, friends, faculty, students and alumni of the School of Industrial & Labor Relations (ILR). It is a service of the Institute for Workplace Studies (IWS) in New York City. Stuart Basefsky is responsible for the selection of the contents which is intended to keep researchers, companies, workers, and governments aware of the latest information related to ILR disciplines as it becomes available for the purposes of research, understanding and debate. The content does not reflect the opinions or positions of Cornell University, the School of Industrial & Labor Relations, or that of Mr. Basefsky and should not be construed as such. The service is unique in that it provides the original source documentation, via links, behind the news and research of the day. Use of the information provided is unrestricted. However, it is requested that users acknowledge that the information was found via the IWS Documented News Service.

Stuart Basefsky                   
Director, IWS News Bureau                
Institute for Workplace Studies 
Cornell/ILR School                        
16 E. 34th Street, 4th Floor             
New York, NY 10016                        
Telephone: (607) 255-2703                
Fax: (607) 255-9641                       



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