Friday, May 14, 2010
[IWS] INDIA: RURAL LABOUR HOUSEHOLDS WAGES & EARNINGS [released 2010]
IWS Documented News Service
Institute for Workplace Studies----------------- Professor Samuel B. Bacharach
School of Industrial & Labor Relations-------- Director, Institute for Workplace Studies
16 East 34th Street, 4th floor---------------------- Stuart Basefsky
New York, NY 10016 -------------------------------Director, IWS News Bureau
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
RURAL LABOUR ENQUIRY
(61st 2004–05 Round of N.S.S.)
REPORT ON WAGES & EARNINGS OF RURAL LABOUR HOUSEHOLDS
[full-text, 218 pages]
WAGES & EARNINGS OF RURAL LABOUR HOUSEHOLDS
3.1 The present report on ‘Wages and Earnings of Rural Labour Households (2004-05) is the second among all the five reports to be published by Labour Bureau. The gist of the findings of this report are summarised below.
3.2 The 2004-05 survey revealed a decline in the average household size of all classes of Rural Labour Households over the previous survey by 2.36 percent (4.56 from 4.67) at All-India level. The earning strength also declined from 1.98 to 1.96 during the period. In case of Scheduled Castes Labour Households a decrease in household size was registered 0.43 percent (4.66 to 4.64) and in earning strength by 1.52 percent (1.98 to 1.95). The household size of Other Backward Classes households showed a decrease of 2.39 percent (4.61 to 4.50) and in earning strength by 0.51 percent (1.97 to 1.96). However, the highest fall in household size by 4.65 percent 4.73 to 4.51) among all the section of the social setup was noticed among Scheduled Tribes Households.
(Statements 2.1(a)(i) – 2.1(a)(iv).
3.3 The similar details in respect of agricultural labour households, which is the main segment of rural labour households, revealed 3.23 percent fall in household size (4.65 to 4.50) with the corresponding decrease by 0.49 percent in earning strength (2.04 to 2.03) of all classes of households. Scheduled Tribes households registered the highest decrease of 5.16 percent (4.65 to 4.41) with 2.60 percent fall in earning strength. The scheduled castes households reported the downward movement in household size by 1.51 percent (4.64 to 4.57) while the earning strength remained constant. The household size of Other Backward Classes decreased by 3.47 percent (4.61 to 4.45) alongwith 0.98 percent (2.05 to 2.03) decrease in earning strength was also observed.
(Statements 2.1(b)(i) – 2.1(b)(iv).
3.4 The average number of wage earners per rural labour household during 2004-05 was 1.73 persons of all classes of Rural Labour Households at All-India level. This has decreased by 0.57 percent over 1999-2000 survey. In case of Scheduled Castes Households the wage earners decreased over the previous survey by 1.67 percent (i.e. 1.80 to 1.77). Among all the four sections of the society the highest decrease of wage
earners per rural labour households was 3.98 percent in Scheduled Tribe Households over 1999-2000 (i.e.2.01 to 1.43), whereas it decreased by 1.16 percent in respect of Other Backward Classes households(1.73 to 1.71).
(Statement s 2.2(a)(i) – 2.2(a)(iv).
3.5 The survey results revealed that the average daily earnings of Men, Women and child workers in Rural Labour Households were higher than those of Agricultural Labour Households both in agricultural and non-agricultural operations. These are set out in the table given below :-
[TABLE on Average Daily Earnings of Workers--Agricultural Operations--Non-Agricultural Operations]
3.6 In agricultural operations the average daily earnings of Men, Women and child workers of Rural Labour Households registered an increase of 18.46 percent, 18.20 percent and 23.07 percent during 2004-2005 over 1999-2000 at All-India level. However, during this period in non-agricultural operations the decrease of 24.12 percent in daily earnings of women workers was observed.
(Statement s 3.1(a)(i) – 3.2(a)(iv).
3.7 Among the main agricultural operations ploughing was observed to be the most remunerative operation for men, transplanting for women and child workers of all classes of rural labour households with the daily average earnings of Rs.52.58, Rs.36.97 and Rs.39.60 respectively during the survey period 2004-05 at all-India level. The second highest average earning at Rs.50.71 in transplanting operation in case of Men workers, at Rs.35.91 in ploughing operation in case of women workers and at Rs.38.01 in sowing operation for child workers. The daily earnings were reported both in cash and kind. However, the major part of the daily earnings was in cash.
(Statement s 4.1(a) (i) M, (i)W & (i)C
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